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Tag "microbe"

Activating the Right Bacteria: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to 3Bar Biologics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  3Bar Biologics’ Bio-YIELD uses naturally occurring microbes that are precisely matched to specific crops and soil environments. These microbes were discovered and isolated during a 15-year

November 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Lego’s Biobased Bricks; Vertoro’s Green Crude Oil; Nitogen-Fixing Microbes for Corn; Diapers from Food Waste; 3D Imaging; Apeel’s $70M: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of August 15th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of invention and change is just too strong, we’ve realized, to highlight annual or even quarterly or monthly rankings and summaries of significant product

August 16, 2018 Read Full Article

Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops

(U.S. Department of Energy/Phys.Org)  To improve biofuel production, scientists must understand the fundamental interactions that lead to the expression of key traits in plants and microbes. To understand these interactions,

August 15, 2018 Read Full Article

100% Carbon to Products: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to White Dog Labs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) US-based White Dog Labs have developed a new process that eliminates the production of CO2, a potent greenhouse gas, during fermentation and instead shifts the carbon

August 8, 2018 Read Full Article

Federally Funded Project Uses Microbes to Convert CO2 to RNG

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) has announced new grant funding for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LNNL) and Stanford School of Engineering’s Spormann Laboratory to conduct new

August 7, 2018 Read Full Article

This Start-Up Turns Pollution from Factories into Fuel That Powers Cars — and One Day Planes

by Catherine Clifford (CNBC)  A bacteria found in the gut of a rabbit can now help cars run in a more eco-friendly way.  The bacteria, identified by biotech start-up LanzaTech, helps turn factory carbon

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

NREL: Novel Genetic Method Improves Efficiency of Enzyme

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Biomass Magazine)  Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Georgia developed a new genetic engineering technique to dramatically improve an

July 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Synthetic Methylotrophy: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Engineering Platform Organisms for Methane & Methanol Conversion to Fuels & Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Harnessing Methane & Methanol as Feedstocks, that’s the subject of this overview of the uses of methanol when used by engineered platform organisms for fuel and

July 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Announces $40 Million for Bio-Based Research

(U.S. Department of Energy)  31 Projects Will Help Advance Fundamental Science for Bioenergy  —  Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $40 million in funding for 31 projects to advance research

June 20, 2018 Read Full Article

New Machine Learning Approach Could Accelerate Bioengineering

(Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory/Biomass Magazine)  Scientists from the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

DNA Study of Cow Stomachs Could Aid Meat and Dairy Production

(The Roslin Institute)  Meat and milk production from cattle could one day be boosted, thanks to analysis of microbes in cows’ stomachs.  —  Beef and dairy cattle, and other milk-producing ruminants, provide

March 12, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

General Automation Lab Technologies (GALT) Partners with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to Improve Biofuel Production

(General Automation Lab Technologies/PR Newswire)  New $1.5 million DOE grant will utilize GALT’s novel high throughput microbiome research platform to improve algal biofuel growth through microbiome engineering  —  Lawrence Livermore National

December 14, 2017 Read Full Article

$3.9 Million Supports Research to Turn Bacteria into Biofuel Producers

by Julia Evangelou Strait (The Source Washington University in St. Louis)  Medical, engineering schools team up to create biofuels independent of food crops  —  Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have

December 14, 2017 Read Full Article

New Pathways, Better Biofuels

by Erika Ebsworth-Goold  (Washington University in St. Louis/The Source)  An engineering team at Washington University in St. Louis is using e. coli to manufacture biofuel. New research from the lab further refines

November 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Microorganism Factories: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Verdezyne

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Verdezyne is a privately held industrial biotechnology company that is developing and commercializing novel genetically engineered microorganisms for use as “factories” to manufacture renewable chemicals. Verdezyne’s

November 21, 2017 Read Full Article

To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village

(Newswise) Berkeley Lab-led study unveils new source of robust cellulases in compost  —  A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley

November 14, 2017 Read Full Article

VTT to Develop Enzymes Found in Wildfire-Prone Areas

( VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Micro-organisms found in the wildfire-prone dry tropical forests of India are an exciting prospect for biochemical production, as they are accustomed to

November 14, 2017 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil and REG Expand Cellulosic Biodiesel Research

by Joseph Bebon (NGT News)  ExxonMobil and Renewable Energy Group (REG) announced that by utilizing REG’s patented fermentation technology, the companies’ joint research program has demonstrated the ability to convert sugars from a variety

November 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Clariant to Build Flagship Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in Romania: 8-Figure Sales Potential Envisioned

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, Clariant’s board has approved investment in a new full-scale commercial plant for the production of cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues using its sunliquid technology.

November 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Making Renewables Mainstream: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Amyris

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We reported on Amyris’ progress recently in “The New Colossus aims to unlock its Golden Door” and in Two Up: Amyris, Queensland gamble on farnesene for SE

October 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Iconic Species May Hold Clues on Low Quality Forage Digestion

by Robert Arnason (Western Producer)  … But the beaver also has a lesser known skill: it can survive on a diet of branches and twigs. Scientists with Agriculture Canada want to

October 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Methane for Supper: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Industrial Microbes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  iMicrobes designs and builds microorganisms, including industrial strains of bacteria and yeast to produce chemicals from natural gas and carbon dioxide. Their green, bio-based methods are

October 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Heard on the Floor at ABLC Next 2017: Fulcrum Prices Bonds, GOP Governors’ Pro-Biofuels March on DC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In the biggest news sweeping the floor at ABLC Next 2017 and perhaps the biggest industrial biotechnology update of 2017, the long-awaited financing is approaching

October 19, 2017 Read Full Article

Plug-and-Play: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Enzyme Engineering and Optimization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Department of Energy is supporting a project led by Michael Himmell at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to develop technology to meet or exceed

September 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Advanced Fermentation Agitation with Methanotrophs and Other Organisms

by Gregory T. Benz (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  Fermentation processes, both aerobic and anaerobic, have been successful on an industrial scale for quite a long time, producing a wide variety

August 9, 2017 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Verdezyne

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Verdezyne is a privately held industrial biotechnology company that is developing and commercializing novel genetically engineered microorganisms for use as “factories” to manufacture renewable chemicals.

July 4, 2017 Read Full Article

N-butanol and Beyond: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Biologics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Green Biologics is focused on the production of renewable n-butanol and other C4 chemicals from various renewable feedstocks, including sugar (cane, molasses, beets), starch (corn)

June 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Tasty Energy Treats You Can Make From Brownies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Terpenes may be the most unloved class of energy molecule of all time, if you compare R&D spending to potential. Even ARPA-E, the home of high-risk,

June 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Little Big Ally: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Ginkgo BioWorks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Ginkgo Bioworks designs custom microbes for customers across multiple markets. We build our foundries to scale the process of organism engineering using software and hardware

May 17, 2017 Read Full Article

Enzymes Offer Waste-to-Energy Solution

by Mark Peplow (Science Magazine)  A cutting-edge waste-to-energy plant is taking shape in the industrial heartland of the United Kingdom. When the £60 million facility opens in May, it will be

April 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Textbook: Biofuels and Bioenergy

edited by John Love and John A.  Bryant (Wiley-Blackwell)  With increased public and scientific attention driven by factors such as oil price spikes, the need for increased energy security, and

April 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Biologicals and BMPS: A Modern Digester’s Blueprint for Success

by Will Charlton (Biomass Magazine/Digester Doc)  … The anaerobic digestion process, unlike most any other energy-producing process, relies upon a workforce we do not see—microbes that consist of bacteria and methanogens working

February 28, 2017 Read Full Article

A New Hydrocarbon Brew: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Technical Market Analysis for Biochemical Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As the project team behind this presentation explains, there’s trouble right here in River City when it comes to accessing good market and technical data

February 16, 2017 Read Full Article

A Step toward Renewable Diesel: Chemical Engineers Program Yeast to Convert Plant Sugars into Oils.

by Anne Trafton (MIT News)  MIT engineers have genetically reprogrammed a strain of yeast so that it converts sugars to fats much more efficiently, an advance that could make possible

February 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Prebiotics: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to ISOthrive technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “Each microbe makes a contribution to your health; some directly, indirectly, it’s an orchestra and they have to be in tune,” says our old friend

January 19, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Harnessing the Biofuel Power of Algae

by Nicole Heslip  (Brownfield Ag News)  New research at Michigan State University has the potential to create a biofuel source produced by algae. Plant researcher Danny Ducat tells Brownfield certain

January 2, 2017 Read Full Article

EPA Biotech Review Staff Prepares To Handle Engineered Microorganism TSCA Submissions

(Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group)  On November 9, 2016, Inside EPA published “New TSCA Requirements Raise Challenges To EPA Biotech Review Staff” (subscription required), outlining what EPA has done

November 16, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Evonik in the Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This season, The Digest is hosting the Strategic Intent webinar series, looking at the plans, progress and future milestones of strategic stakeholders in the Advanced Bioeconomy. In

September 8, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Heat-Loving Microbe Engineered to Produce Bioalcohols for Fuel

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Study reports first significant alcohol production by an archaeon. —  The U.S. bioethanol industry depends largely on turning a certain sugar into the simple two-carbon alcohol,

July 5, 2016 Read Full Article

Harnessing Biotechnology to Accelerate Advanced Biofuels Production

by Jonathan Male (US Department of Energy) … From expanding the potential of diverse microbial systems to enhancing the biocatalytic capabilities of enzymes, the application of biotechnology is accelerating the development

April 12, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Using Microbial Consortia May Boost Success of Biotechnologies

(Phys.Org)  Around the world, researchers are studying microbes to see if these tiny organisms can be used to solve a host of problems, from cleaning up toxic waste to providing

March 18, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Engineering Microorganisms for Bio-Based Products: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to enEvolv

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  enEvolv engineers microorganisms to produce bio-based products. We work with partners in therapeutics, nutrition, energy and specialty chemicals to improve existing strains and develop novel

November 23, 2015 Read Full Article

New Biobased Projects Around the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who’s building what, where, now. 29 projects in construction or in commissioning in Africa, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Australia, and the Americas Despite low

November 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Methane-Munching Platform Microbe: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Intrexon Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Intrexon’s proprietary methanotroph bioconversion platform has the potential to transform the gas-to-liquids (GTL) industry through use of optimized microbial cell lines to convert natural gas

November 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Marginal Soil Can Make for Good Biofuel Crops

(Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)  Switchgrass, a perennial native to the tallgrass prairie, is one of the most promising bioenergy crops in the United States, with potential to provide high-yield biomass

October 23, 2015 Read Full Article

The Building Block Builders: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to BioAmber

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From the company’s IPO Prospectus: “Our proprietary technology platform combines industrial biotechnology, an innovative purification process and chemical catalysis to convert renewable feedstocks into chemicals that

September 23, 2015 Read Full Article

Grant to Help Increase Biofuels Yield while Limiting Fertilizer Use

(Michigan State University)  Michigan State University has earned a $5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to better understand how biofuel crops acquire nitrogen, insights that could help

September 10, 2015 Read Full Article

BESC Creates Microbe that Bolsters Isobutanol Production

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Another barrier to commercially viable biofuels from sources other than corn has fallen with the engineering of a microbe that improves isobutanol yields by a factor

August 17, 2015 Read Full Article

The Three Microb-eteers: Methanogens, Methanotrophs, Acetogens and Knallgas Bacteria

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Which microbes achieve a better, faster, cheaper transformation of the world around us?  …  Down there in the mud, too small to be seen with

July 31, 2015 Read Full Article

At a Crossroads, Biofuels Seek a New Path Forward

by Richard Martin (MIT Technology Review)  New microbes and new techniques show promise for advanced biofuels, but the industry is still years away from real progress.  Attempting to chart a path

July 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Gina Lewin Explores How Ants Break Down Cellulose

by Silke Schmidt (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  … In the summer of 2009, Gina Lewin participated in a National Science Foundation-funded program called Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU), which invites college

April 9, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuels Research Uncovers Natural Fungicide

by Krista Eastman (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  Scientists at the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) reported today (March 9, 2015) the discovery of a chemical compound called poacic

April 9, 2015 Read Full Article

UBC Research Looks to Boost Sustainable Bioenergy

(Canadian Biomass Magazine)  Two new Genome BC-funded projects led by UBC researchers will harness microbial community research to help tackle sustainable development challenges in biofuel and BC shale gas development.

November 19, 2014 Read Full Article

Bacteria Found in Cow Rumens Could Be Harnessed to Process Biofuel

(University of Wisconsin-Madison)  What do biofuels look like on the Wisconsin landscape? Some might think of corn or switchgrass. But what about that herd of cows?  What you can’t see

September 25, 2014 Read Full Article

AFM-IR Used to Study and Optimize Biofuel-Producing Microbes

(AZONano.com)  Anasys Instruments reports on the publication in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters demonstrating the use of AFM-IR used by French researchers to identify best microbes for biofuel production.

March 4, 2014 Read Full Article

The Digest's Bioeconomy Achievement Awards for 2013-14

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Beta Renewables, Abengoa, Enerkem, Proterro among the winners for Project of the Year — as residues and waste are keys to the big wins.  For

January 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Monsanto and Novozymes Team Up to Provide Sustainable Bioagricultural Solutions

(Monsanto)  The companies establish The BioAg Alliance to discover, develop and sell microbial solutions that enable farmers worldwide to increase crop yields with less input Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) and Novozymes (NASDAQ

December 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Space, the Biobased Frontier: Hot Biotechnologies for the Big Beyond

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Next-gen biofuels technologies may be key to making the International Space Station cost effective — not to mention, other destinations in the NASA agenda.  Which

October 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Helping Bacteria Tolerate Biofuels

by Erika Gebel Berg  (Chemical and Engineering News)  Protein Engineering: Scientists evolve a bacterial protein pump that pulls butanol out of cells to make microbes into better biofuel factories Biologists

September 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Symbiosis Conference: Expanding Commercialization of Mutualistic Microbes to Increase Bioenergy Crop Production June 20–21, 2013 Ithaca, New York

  Symbiosis Conference: Expanding Commercialization of Mutualistic Microbes to Increase Bioenergy Crop Production   June 20–21, 2013    Ithaca, New York

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office is hosting a conference on expanding commercialization of products incorporating mutualistic microbes in order to increase biomass production. The conference will be

June 15, 2013 Read Full Article

Oxygen for High Altitudes: 17 Biofuels Ventures Raise $434M in Equity

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Despite the sluggish economic recovery and questions over policy stability — biofuels ventures have been

April 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Algenetix Raises $2M in Series A Funding Round, Aims to Boost Algae Oil Accumulation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Algenetix, an industrial biotech company incubated from the pipeline of Kapyon Ventures has

April 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Lawrence Berkeley Lab Says Principle Proven on New Ionic Liquid Pretreatment Process for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Lawrence Berkeley Lab has developed a new technology that enables the engineering of host microorganisms

January 28, 2013 Read Full Article

15 Biobased Companies in the 2012 Cleantech 100

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …15 biobased and biofuels companies were named to the Global Cleantech 100 by the Cleantech

October 3, 2012 Read Full Article

Hey Kids! Grab Your Scissors and Glue! Fun, Transformative Things to Do with Bacteria!

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Of all the microbes we know – and, basically, the human body is a boutique

July 5, 2012 Read Full Article

The SuperFriends and Their Planet-Saving Microbial Biofuel Powers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the world at large, they are generally called pests. We call them ‘magic bugs’.

November 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Computer Software Helps Engineer Organisms

by John Roach (MSNBC)  Could lead to microbes that produce drugs and biofuels A computer software program is outfitting biotechnology

July 22, 2011 Read Full Article

AE Biofuels Announces Acquisition of Industrial Biotechnology Company Zymetis

(Bradenton)  Company Expands Technology Portfolio to Include Production of Renewable Chemicals and Advanced Fuels by the Conversion of Existing Ethanol

July 6, 2011 Read Full Article

his Microbe's For You: Brewery Waste Becomes Scientific Fodder For Producing Liquid Biofuels

(Red Orbit)  Gaining new insight into how efficiently the microbes in large bioreactors produce methane from brewery waste, Cornell scientists

March 1, 2011 Read Full Article

Bovine Bellies Yield Clues for New Biofuels

by Maggie Fox (Reuters)  Researchers looking for better ways to make biofuels turned to experts at breaking down grass —

February 6, 2011 0 comment Read Full Article

LS9, Inc., U.C. Berkeley, and JBEI Make Major Breakthrough in Cellulosic Fuels Production

LS9, the Renewable Petroleum Company(TM), today announced a major breakthrough in the ability to make cellulosic-derived advanced biofuels. A collaborative

February 1, 2010 Read Full Article

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Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf 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ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share 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municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next 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RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale 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