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Articles tagged with: plant cell walls

Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
July 24, 2017 – 2:12 pm | No Comment

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Introduced traits remain stable, improving biofuel production in a field setting.  —   …  Near-term fossil fuel alternatives could reduce carbon emissions and ensure U.S. energy security. One alternative uses switchgrass, …

New Approach to Unlock the Genetic Potential of Plant Cell Wall
June 23, 2017 – 12:20 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org/University of York)  Researchers from the University of York and the Quadram Institute have unlocked the genetic secrets of plant cell walls, which could help improve the quality of plant-based foods.
Recent developments in genome sequencing …

Understanding Why Cellulose Resists Degradation Could Lead to Cost-Effective Biofuels
June 6, 2017 – 2:56 pm | No Comment

(Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory/Phys.Org)  A major bottleneck hindering cost-effective production of biofuels and many valuable chemicals is the difficulty of breaking down cellulose—an important structural component of plant cell walls. A recent study addressed this …

Textbook: Biofuels and Bioenergy
April 3, 2017 – 1:24 pm | No Comment

edited by John Love and John A.  Bryant (Wiley-Blackwell)  With increased public and scientific attention driven by factors such as oil price spikes, the need for increased energy security, and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions …

Researchers Find New Way to Typify Cellulose, Advance Bioproducts
March 24, 2017 – 3:53 pm | No Comment

(Washington State University/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at Washington State University Tri-Cities and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found a new way to define the molecular structure of cellulose, which could lead to cheaper and more efficient ways …

Proteins Interactions Hold Key for Maximizing Oil Production in Plants for Biofuels and Biomaterials
March 23, 2017 – 1:02 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory/Lab Manager)  Findings point to new biochemical strategies for increasing oil yield from crops grown to produce biofuels and biomaterials  —  …  By exploring the details of this delicate energy balance, a group …

Smart Microalgae at the Danish IP Fair
March 8, 2017 – 1:45 pm | No Comment

(Algae Industry Magazine)  On May 9 Yumiko Sakuragi from the Copenhagen Plant Science Centre will participate in the Danish IP fair in Industriens Hus, Copenhagen. Dr. Sakuragi will present her invention on how smart microalgae …

ORNL: Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels
January 20, 2017 – 4:43 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Biomass Magazine)  Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists …

‘Glue’ That Makes Plant Cell Walls Strong Could Hold the Key to Wooden Skyscrapers
December 22, 2016 – 3:45 pm | No Comment

(University of Cambridge)  Molecules 10,000 times narrower than the width of a human hair could hold the key to making possible wooden skyscrapers and more energy-efficient paper production, according to research published today in the …

Ames Laboratory to Receive $3 Million to Develop Instrument to Study Plant Cell Walls
October 20, 2016 – 3:02 pm | No Comment

(Ames Laboratory)  A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory will be developing new instrumentation aimed at determining the chemical and structural makeup of plant cell walls to better understand how …

UT-ORNL Team Hopes to Ease Path from Vegetation to Biofuel
September 29, 2016 – 1:44 pm | No Comment

(University of Tennessee)  A UT-ORNL team led by Governor’s Chair Jeremy Smith is using supercomputing to figure out ways to ease the path of turning vegetation into biofuel.
A huge barrier in converting plant polymers to biofuel lies in …

Greenwood Resources Licenses ORNL Invention to Boost Biofuel Yield
September 29, 2016 – 12:16 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  GreenWood Resources has licensed an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology based on the discovery of a gene in poplar (Populus trichocarpa) that makes it easier to convert poplar trees into biofuels.
GreenWood, …

Sandia: Turning Ubiquitous Lignin into High-Value Chemicals
September 26, 2016 – 7:08 pm | No Comment

(Sandia National Laboratories/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Abundant, chock full of energy and bound so tightly that the only way to release its energy is through combustion—lignin has frustrated scientists for years. With the help of an …

Breakthrough in Salt-Tolerance in Plants Research
September 26, 2016 – 11:08 am | No Comment

(Univesity of Adelaide)  University of Adelaide researchers have made a breakthrough in investigating salt tolerance in plants which could lead to new salt tolerant varieties of crops, and also answer unresolved questions in plant biology.
The …

Diverse Fungi Secrete Similar Suite of Decomposition Enzymes
August 31, 2016 – 11:09 am | No Comment

(Phys.Org/Department of Energy)  Soil fungi secrete a wide range of enzymes that play an important role in biofuel production and bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils and water. A recent study reveals different fungal species secrete a …

Researchers: Generically Improving Sorghum Could Benefit Biofuels
July 17, 2016 – 7:34 pm | No Comment

(Genetics Society of America/Biomass Magazine)  The bioenergy crop sorghum holds great promise as a raw material for making environmentally friendly fuels and chemicals that offer alternatives to petroleum-based products. Sorghum can potentially yield more energy …

Better Understanding Could Lead to More Cost-Effective Production of Cellulosic Biofuels
July 1, 2016 – 1:51 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org)  Plant cell walls, which constitute the bulk of plant biomass, are diverse, complex, and dynamic in their structural composition and integrity. Cell walls are innately resistant to deconstruction by biological or chemical catalysts. This …

Study Shows Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels
June 29, 2016 – 12:48 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory)  Fundamental enzyme study leads to increased access to bioenergy feedstocks and improves ethanol yield by modifying plant cell wall structures.
Lignin is a natural component of plant cell walls, the scaffolding that surrounds …

Cellulose: New Understanding Could Lead to Tailored Biofuels
June 9, 2016 – 5:29 pm | No Comment

(University of Cambridge/University of Melbourne)  In the search for low emission plant-based fuels, new research may help avoid having to choose between growing crops for food or fuel.
Scientists have identified new steps in the way …

Researchers’ New Advance in Quest for Second Generation Biofuels
March 2, 2016 – 11:55 am | No Comment

(Phys.Org)  … The team, including Professor Paul Walton and Professor Gideon Davies of the Department of Chemistry at York, today presents the first published molecular structure of one of the key enzymes (lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases or …

The Future, Unzipped
January 28, 2016 – 4:03 pm | No Comment

by Erik Ness (Grow)  Lignin is a tough organic compound that gives plants like this poplar their structure—and it’s one of the biggest obstacles in breaking down plants to produce biofuel. John Ralph and his …

Seeking Better Biofuels
October 26, 2015 – 2:47 pm | No Comment

by Melody M. Bomgardner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute transform biomass into energy-rich fuel molecules  —   ..  JBEI researchers are zeroing in on concepts that others have decided are too …

Unlocking Lignin for Sustainable Biofuel
July 8, 2015 – 2:05 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  Lignin–hemicellulose simulation demonstrates potential for predictive modeling using NAMD  —  Turning trees, grass, and other biomass into fuel for automobiles and airplanes is a costly and complex process. Biofuel researchers are …

Unlocking Fermentation Secrets Open the Door to New Biofuels
July 1, 2015 – 12:44 pm | No Comment

by Rick Kubetz (Phys.Org)  Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have, for the first time, uncovered the complex interdependence and orchestration of metabolic reactions, gene regulation, and environmental cues of clostridial metabolism, providing …

Unlocking the Biofuel Energy Stored in Plant Cell Walls
June 15, 2015 – 7:56 pm | No Comment

by Cherie Winner (Pennsylvania State University)  By virtue of their chloroplasts, plants are superb harvesters of solar energy. They use it to build leaves, flowers, fruits, stems, and roots. We harvest a small percentage of that …

UMass Amherst Lignin Research Sheds Light on How Plants Adapt to Environmental Stress
January 5, 2015 – 12:45 pm | No Comment

by Isabel Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Massachusetts, new research may advance our understanding of “how the relative proportions of biopolymers,” like lignin, “are controlled in plant tissue”. The study, led by Sam Hazen at the …

Purdue Study Uncovers Details on Plant Building Blocks
September 26, 2014 – 9:24 am | No Comment

by Christopher Doering (Des Moines Register)  Purdue University researchers said Wednesday they have discovered the structure of the enzyme that makes cellulose, a finding that could make it easier to break down plant materials used to …

JBEI GT Collection: A New Resource for Advanced Biofuels Research
August 28, 2014 – 2:12 pm | No Comment

(Joint BioEnergy Institute/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute have unveiled the first glycosyltransferase clone collection specifically targeted for the study of the biosynthesis of plant cell walls. The idea behind …

Converting Biomass to Fuels
July 2, 2014 – 1:13 pm | No Comment

by Aaron Dubrow (National Science Foundation)  Researchers use NSF-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve catalysts for conversion
Scientists from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are using the National Science Foundation-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve biofuel production by determining …

Purdue Researchers Launch Innovative Biomass Renewable Energy Company
March 28, 2014 – 11:34 am | No Comment

by Phillip Fiorini and Cynthia Sequin (Purdue University)   Purdue University researchers are launching a company focusing on an innovative process that could revolutionize how lignocellulosic biomass is used to make biofuels and other bio-based products and chemicals.
Spero …

Scientists Identify Key Genes to Increase Plant Leaf Oil Content
October 23, 2013 – 4:52 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory/Biodiesel Magazine)  Scientists at the U.S. DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified the key genes required for oil production and accumulation in plant leaves and other vegetative plant tissues. Enhancing expression of these …

New Plant Protein Discoveries Could Ease Global Food and Fuel Demands
May 6, 2013 – 2:03 pm | No Comment

by Kim McDonald   (University of California at San Diego)  New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests, increase salt and drought tolerance, control water loss …

Making Do with More: Joint BioEnergy Institute Researchers Engineer Plant Cell Walls to Boost Sugar Yields for Biofuels
April 2, 2013 – 10:19 am | No Comment

by Lynn Yarris (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it’s generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material …

Newly Discovered Plant Structure May Lead to Improved Biofuel Processing
February 8, 2013 – 5:57 pm | No Comment

by James Hataway (University of Georgia)  When Li Tan approached his colleagues at the University of Georgia with some unusual data he had collected, they initially seemed convinced that his experiment had become contaminated; what …

Chlamydomonas Shown to Break Down Cellulose
January 3, 2013 – 5:44 pm | No Comment

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Douglas Main reports on OurAmazingPlanet that researchers at Germany’s University of Bielefeld have discovered that when the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiis deprived of carbon dioxide, it can cannibalize other plants’ materials. According to the …

Research Targets Cells to Reduce Lignin, Boost Fermentable Sugar
December 31, 2012 – 5:11 pm | No Comment

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)    Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute are exploring new ways to meet the challenge of recalcitrant cellulosic feedstocks and lower the cost of biomass-based biofuels. The group recently published …

Boosting Galactan Sugars Could Boost Biofuel Production
December 26, 2012 – 5:01 pm | No Comment

(EScienceNews.com)  Galactan is a polymer of galactose, a six-carbon sugar that can be readily fermented by yeast into ethanol and is a target of interest for researchers in advanced biofuels produced from cellulosic biomass. Now …

Researchers Work to Unlock Secrets of Cellulose Production
December 26, 2012 – 2:30 pm | No Comment

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …University of Virginia researchers Jochen Zimmer, Jacob Morgan and Joanna Strumillo  wrote a paper entitled “Crystallographic snapshot of cellulose synthesis and membrane translocation.” It was published online in December …

Discovery May Pave Way to Genetically Enhanced Biofuel Crops
December 21, 2012 – 3:19 pm | No Comment

(ScienceCodex.com)  …Pectic compounds decorated with β-1,4-galactan (a chain of six-carbon sugars) are of considerable interest to the biofuels industry, because six-carbon sugars are readily converted into ethanol (biofuel) by fermenting microorganisms. A new study published …

NREL Researchers Use Imaging Technologies to Solve Puzzle of Plant Architecture
November 30, 2012 – 1:51 pm | No Comment

(US Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  Breakthrough could help optimize capture of sugars for biofuels
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) combined different …

How Does Plant Cell Wall Nanoscale Architecture Correlate with Enzymatic Digestibility?
November 27, 2012 – 10:54 am | No Comment

Shi-You Ding, Yu-San Liu, Yining Zeng, Michael E. Himmel, John O. Baker, Edward A. Bayer (Science Magazine)  Greater understanding of the mechanisms contributing to chemical and enzymatic solubilization of plant cell walls is critical for enabling …

A Better Route to Xylan
November 17, 2012 – 2:50 pm | No Comment

by Lynn Yarris (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Joint BioEnergy Institute Researchers Find New Access to Abundant Biomass for Advanced Biofuels
After cellulose, xylan is the most abundant biomass material on Earth, and therefore represents an enormous …

Reflections on Developments in the Biorefinery Industry: 4th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference
October 29, 2012 – 4:46 pm | No Comment

by Stefaniya Becking* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The 4th Nordic Wood Biorefinery conference held in Helsinki, Finland (October 23-25, 2012) brought together over 300 people from around 30 countries. The organizers successfully achieved the goal of …

Functional Characterization of the Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) R2R3-MYB Transcription Factor PvMYB4 for Improvement of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks
August 30, 2012 – 7:36 pm | No Comment

Hui Shen, Xianzhi He, Charleson R. Poovaiah, Wegi A. Wuddineh, Junying Ma, David G. J. Mann, Huanzhong Wang,  Lisa Jackson, Yuhong Tang, C. Neal Stewart Jr, Fang Chen, Richard A. Dixon (New Phytologist)

The major obstacle for bioenergy production from switchgrass biomass is the low saccharification efficiency …

Mutation of WRKY Transcription Factors Initiates Pith Secondary Wall Formation and Increases Stem Biomass in Dicotyledonous Plants
August 30, 2012 – 7:19 pm | No Comment

Huanzhong Wang,  Utku Avci,  Jin Nakashima,  Michael G. Hahn, Fang Chen, and Richard A. Dixon (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)  Stems of dicotyledonous plants consist of an outer epidermis, a cortex, a ring of secondarily …

New Technique Yields Information Critical to Biofuels Research
August 13, 2012 – 1:58 pm | No Comment

(R&D Magazine)  Pioneering mass spectrometry methods developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Ames Laboratory are helping plant biologists get their first glimpses of never-before-seen plant tissue structures.
The new method opens up new realms …

Scientists Create Low-Lignin Plants with Improved Potential for Biofuel Production
August 8, 2012 – 2:39 pm | No Comment

(ECNMag.com)  Engineered enzyme alters cell wall composition in ways that could make it easier to convert plant biomass into biofuels
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have created a new enzyme …

Biofuels Patent Marks Milestone for Madison Research Hub
July 17, 2012 – 2:25 pm | No Comment

Thomas Content (Journal Sentinel)  C5-6 Technologies of Middleton and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center in Madison are celebrating a milestone – the awarding of the first patent from the center’s next-generation biofuels research.
The patent …

Heat-Loving Bacteria Could Lead to Next-Generation Microbe
July 5, 2012 – 5:55 pm | No Comment

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Key proteins have been identified in a family of bacteria that help the microbes grab onto pieces of plant material in order to better degrade it. This was discovered …

Iowa State, Ames Lab Chemists Aid Study of Mutated Plants that May Be Better for Biofuels
February 29, 2012 – 11:05 am | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Iowa State University)   Genetic mutations to cellulose in plants could improve the conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels, according to a research team that included two Iowa State University chemists.
The team recently published its …

Plant toughness: Key to Cracking Biofuels?
February 23, 2012 – 6:07 pm | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Stanford University)  Along with photosynthesis, the plant cell wall is one of the features that most set plants apart from animals. A structural molecule called cellulose is necessary for the manufacture of these walls. Cellulose …

Extreme Biofuels and Those Heat-Seeking X Bugs
February 16, 2012 – 8:06 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   …Some of the first American visitors to Yellowstone, who began to record their journeys into the wilds of northwestern Wyoming during the early 1870s, noted the horrible taste of …

The 7 Paths of the New Agriculture
January 6, 2012 – 4:27 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …But the New Agriculture has arisen in recent years, with new solutions to the old dilemma: how do you produce, and afford, and haul, and utilize enough feedstock to make …

Discovery On How Sugars Are Moved Throughout a Plant
December 27, 2011 – 4:34 pm | No Comment

(Science Daily)  …But how the sucrose produced in the leaves via photosynthesis is delivered to the transporters that move it into the phloem has remained a mystery. Thus, a critical piece of the molecular pump …

Transcriptional Changes Related to Secondary Wall Formation in Xylem of Transgenic Lines of Tobacco Altered for Lignin or Xylan Content which Show Improved Saccharification
December 9, 2011 – 2:24 pm | No Comment

by Charis M. Cook, Arsalan Daudi, David J. Millar, Laurence V. Bindschedler, Safina Khan, G. Paul Bolwell, Alessandra Devoto (Science Direct)  In this study, an EST library (EH663598–EH666265) obtained from xylogenic tissue cultures of tobacco that had been previously generated was annotated. …

Tailoring Biomass to Fit the Biofuels Pipeline
January 23, 2011 – 5:17 pm | No Comment

by Dr. Maureen McCann (Professor, Purdue University) Dr. McCann begins by describing the different plant cell wall architectures belonging to various types of feedstock.  She shows how different processing methods can be utilized to more …

Rediscovering Genes Related to Biomass Recalcitrance Using a Combination of High Throughput and High Resolution Plant Cell Wall Characterization Methods
January 23, 2011 – 4:33 pm | No Comment

by Dr. Mark Davis (BioEnergy Science Center, National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Dr. Davis discusses a multidisciplinary approach to overcoming the current inability to access sugars in lignocellulosic biomass.  By quickly identifying key …

Unraveling Plant Cell-Wall Construction for Biofuels Research
December 17, 2010 – 2:54 pm | No Comment

by Karen McNulty Walsh  (Brookhaven National Laboratory/RenewableEnergyWorld)   Understanding how lignin building blocks are transported could break down barriers to biofuel production.
One big challenge in converting plants to biofuels is that the very same molecules that …

Drilling Down to the Nanometer Depths of Leaves for Biofuels
July 23, 2010 – 1:50 pm | No Comment

(Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)  By imaging the cell walls of a zinnia leaf down to the nanometer scale, energy researchers have a better idea about how to turn plants into biofuels.
In a paper appearing online …

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels
December 11, 2009 – 8:42 am | No Comment

by Heather Lammers, NREL (Renewable Energy World)  Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and ethanol producers are racing to come up with ways to make ethanol from cellulosic biomass that are cheaper and …

US DOE Funds Lignocellulose Research
May 30, 2009 – 11:43 am | No Comment

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The newly funded Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation at Pennsylvania State University will be home to investigations into plant cells to produce better biomass-based fuels. The U.S. DOE …

Biologist Finds Cell Wall Construction Pathway
October 30, 2006 – 3:00 pm | No Comment

Wood with altered properties and cheaper ethanol through more efficient production are two possibilities as a result of a find by a biologist at Washington University in St. Louis.   Erik Nielsen, Ph.D., Washington University adjunct …