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Articles tagged with: cellulose

‘On Your Mark, Get Set’ Neutrons Run Enzyme’s Reactivity for Better Biofuel Production
June 29, 2017 – 11:40 am | No Comment

by Jeremy Rumsey and Heidi Hill  (Newswise/Department of Energy)  Producing biofuels like ethanol from plant materials requires various enzymes to break down the cellulosic fibers. Scientists using neutron scattering have identified the specifics of an enzyme-catalyzed …

Understanding Why Cellulose Resists Degradation Could Lead to Cost-Effective Biofuels
June 6, 2017 – 2:56 pm | No Comment

(Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory/Phys.Org)  A major bottleneck hindering cost-effective production of biofuels and many valuable chemicals is the difficulty of breaking down cellulose—an important structural component of plant cell walls. A recent study addressed this …

Triple Play Boosting Value of Renewable Fuel Could Tip Market in Favor of Biomass
May 30, 2017 – 1:15 pm | No Comment

by Silke Schmidt (University of Wisconsin-Madison News)   Technologies for converting non-edible biomass into chemicals and fuels traditionally made from petroleum exist aplenty. But when it comes to attracting commercial interest, these technologies compete financially with …

Insight into Enzyme’s 3D Structure Could Cut Biofuel Costs
May 19, 2017 – 4:48 pm | No Comment

(Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Neutron crystallography maps LPMOs that break down fibrous cellulose  —  Using neutron crystallography, a Los Alamos research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such …

Why a Hong Kong Plant Scientist with a Biofuel Research Breakthrough Has to Leave for Greener Pastures
May 5, 2017 – 3:13 pm | No Comment

by Viola Zhou (South China Morning Post)  Lydia Lam Pui-ying will further her study at Kyoto University in Japan  —
Hong Kong and Japanese scientists have discovered a new way to make biofuel from rice straw, …

Aachen Team Develops Framework for Model-Based Formulation of Biofuel Blends with Tailored Properties
March 28, 2017 – 2:47 pm | No Comment

(Green Car Congress)   A team at RWTH Aachen University has developed a framework for the model-based formulation of biofuel blends with tailored properties by considering the fuel’s molecular composition as the fundamental design degree of …

Researchers Find New Way to Typify Cellulose, Advance Bioproducts
March 24, 2017 – 3:53 pm | No Comment

(Washington State University/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at Washington State University Tri-Cities and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found a new way to define the molecular structure of cellulose, which could lead to cheaper and more efficient ways …

‘Glue’ That Makes Plant Cell Walls Strong Could Hold the Key to Wooden Skyscrapers
December 22, 2016 – 3:45 pm | No Comment

(University of Cambridge)  Molecules 10,000 times narrower than the width of a human hair could hold the key to making possible wooden skyscrapers and more energy-efficient paper production, according to research published today in the …

CO2 Capture for Use: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Antecy
November 10, 2016 – 2:56 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Capturing and concentrate (ambient) CO2 at low prices for direct use and production of fuels and chemicals, using solar or wind energy. That’s Antecy. With the help of an organic, non-amine …

Unraveling the Science Behind Biomass Breakdown
October 21, 2016 – 6:38 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Researchers at ORNL uncover the chemical reaction that helps break down biomass for biofuel  —  Lignocellulosic biomass—plant matter such as cornstalks, straw, and woody plants—is a sustainable source for production of …

Technique Could Lower Cost of Making Bioplastics and Biofuel
October 21, 2016 – 3:30 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org)  The potential for at least partly replacing oil with cellulose as a renewable source of energy and materials has just improved.  While abundant in nature, cellulose is difficult and expensive to find in pure …

Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Solvay, Stora Enso
October 3, 2016 – 3:07 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This season, The Digest is hosting the Strategic Intent webinar series, looking at the plans, progress and future milestones of strategic stakeholders in the Advanced Bioeconomy.  In this slide deck, we looked at …

Adopting a Circular Economy: The Biorefinery Concept
July 27, 2016 – 1:43 pm | No Comment

by Paul Hudman (Renewable Energy World)  … For many governments, part of this shift involves adopting a circular economy approach, utilising all aspects of ‘waste’ throughout the production chain.
The concept of the biorefinery embraces this standard by …

Scientists Discover New Way to Make Energy from Garden Grass
July 26, 2016 – 12:15 pm | No Comment

(Bioenergy Insight)  A team of UK researchers, including experts from Cardiff University’s Cardiff Catalysis Institute, have shown that significant amounts of hydrogen can be unlocked from fescue grass with the help of sunlight and a …

Leaf Resources (ASX: LER) Joint Venture to Develop Five Projects with World-Class Project Ceveloper Claeris, LLC
July 21, 2016 – 3:42 pm | No Comment

(Leaf Resources)  Leaf Resources Ltd (ASX: LER, “Leaf” or “Leaf Resources”) is pleased to announce the signing of binding legal agreements with US-based project developer Claeris, LLC (“Claeris”), to establish a joint venture (JV) entity, Leaf Development, …

Scientists in US State of Florida Develop Military Grade Aviation Biofuel
July 21, 2016 – 12:18 pm | No Comment

(Renewable Energy Magazine)  A team of scientists at West Palm Beach, Florida-based Alliance BioEnergy Plus Inc.’s subsidiary Ek Laboratories have developed a pathway to produce JP-8, an advanced military grade aviation biofuel.

The team is reportedly …

New Understanding of One of Nature’s Best Biocatalysts for Biofuels Production
July 15, 2016 – 3:41 pm | No Comment

(U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science) Producing fuels from plants and other renewable sources requires breaking down the chemical cellulose; a major candidate to drive, or catalyze, this stubborn chemical is a ubiquitous microorganism called Clostridium thermocellum …

Alliance Receives Letter of Intent (LOI) For Plant Sub-License in Columbia
July 1, 2016 – 12:21 pm | No Comment

(Alliance Bioenergy +)  Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (OTCQB:ALLM) (the “Company”), is pleased to announce that it has received an LOI from Smart Business International Trading, S.A.S (Smart Business) of Bogata, Columbia for the purchase of …

Study Shows Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels
June 29, 2016 – 12:48 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory)  Fundamental enzyme study leads to increased access to bioenergy feedstocks and improves ethanol yield by modifying plant cell wall structures.
Lignin is a natural component of plant cell walls, the scaffolding that surrounds …

Research Examines Obstacles to Making Biofuel from Perennial Plants
June 17, 2016 – 11:21 am | No Comment

(University of Arkansas)   A University of Arkansas chemistry professor has received a $400,000 award from the National Science Foundation to investigate a roadblock in the harvesting of biomass from perennial plants for the purpose of …

Alliance BioEnergy Receives Independent Verification of Sugars Through CTS Processing of DDG, From Large Ethanol Producer
June 14, 2016 – 3:33 pm | No Comment

(Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc./Globe Newswire)  Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (OTCQB:ALLM) (the “Company”), is pleased to announce that with the senior science officers of a large U.S. ethanol producer present, the CTS process produced fermentable sugars …

Where Did Biofuels Technologies Come from?
June 2, 2016 – 10:05 am | No Comment

by Gerald Kutney  (Lee Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  … From the time of the caveman until the early Industrial Revolution, biofuels – namely wood and the advanced biofuel of the day, charcoal – reigned supreme.  Both fossil fuels and …

AkzoNobel Teams up with Royal Cosun to Develop Sustainable Cellulose Products from Sugar Beet Processing
May 19, 2016 – 2:54 pm | No Comment

(Biofuels International)  Dutch chemicals giant AkzoNobel and agro-industrial cooperative Royal Cosun have formed a new partnership to develop novel products from cellulose side streams resulting from sugar beet processing.
The partnership will combine Royal Cosun’s specialist …

ORNL: Titan Probes Depths of Biofuel’s Biggest Barrier
February 22, 2016 – 6:36 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Ask a biofuel researcher to name the single greatest technical barrier to cost-effective ethanol, and you’re likely to receive a one-word response: lignin.
Cellulosic ethanol—fuel derived from woody plants and waste biomass—has …

Drop-In Renewable Fuels, Competitive with $30 Oil: The Digest’s 20-Slide Guide to the Correia Process
February 10, 2016 – 12:09 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany and Portugal, a new drop-in biofuels process has emerged which is cost compettive with $30 oil, according to the inventors. The process breaks even with crude oil, on …

A New, Renewable, Drop-In, Waste-Based Fuel Emerges, Competitive with $30 Oil
February 10, 2016 – 11:54 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Out of the EU comes a biogasoline blendstock made from waste residues in a novel process that promises to radically slash the cost of bioconversion. The Digest reports.
In Germany and …

IIT-Roorkee Scientists Patent Low-Cost Biofuel Tech
February 1, 2016 – 8:18 pm | No Comment

by Tapan Susheel  (Times of India)  Scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (IIT-R) have achieved remarkable success in generating low-cost biofuel using a perennial weed, Kans grass. This grass, native to the subcontinent, …

The Future, Unzipped
January 28, 2016 – 4:03 pm | No Comment

by Erik Ness (Grow)  Lignin is a tough organic compound that gives plants like this poplar their structure—and it’s one of the biggest obstacles in breaking down plants to produce biofuel. John Ralph and his …

Bacteria Attack Lignin with Enzymatic Tag Team
January 8, 2016 – 3:25 pm | No Comment

(Rice University/Science Daily)  Research shows how nature handles lignin — New research shows how bacterial enzymes team up to attack lignin. The findings could lead to more efficient processes for creating biofuels from wood, grass and …

Precourt Institute and TomKat Center Award $2.1 Million for Energy Research
November 28, 2015 – 12:24 am | No Comment

by Mark Shwartz  (Stanford University) The Precourt Institute for Energy and the TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy at Stanford have awarded 12 faculty seed grants totaling $2.1 million for groundbreaking research on clean energy.  Launched in 2010, …

Alliance BioEnergy Plus Inc. Announces a Breakthrough in Cellulose to Sugar Conversion Rates and Efficiencies
October 5, 2015 – 8:52 pm | No Comment

(Globe Newswire/Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc.)  Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (OTCQB:ALLM) (the “Company”), announced today that its’ subsidiary Ek Laboratories in Longwood, Florida, under the direction of Dr. Richard Blair, Dr. Peter Cohen and Dr. Zhilin Xie, …

Latvian Scientists Make Bioethanol and Furfural from Straw
August 26, 2015 – 5:55 pm | No Comment

by Olga Pavuk  (The Baltic Course)  Production of bioethanol is an alternative energy source of utmost importance in replacing ordinary fuel made from hydrocarbons. Latvian scientists have succeeded in producing bioethanol and furfural from plant …

Glucan Biorenewables: The Digest’s 2015 5-Minute Guide
August 24, 2015 – 11:15 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Glucan Biorenewables is producing furan derivatives from biomass.  The furfural platform will be used to launch other value-added co-products: 5-hydroxyl-methyl furfural (HMF) and downstream derivatives
The company’s TriVersa Process meets the …

The Consortium of Motile and Cellulose Degrading Bacteria Can Be Used for Solid State Cellulose Hydrolysis
August 6, 2015 – 12:32 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org)  Cellulose hydrolysis has many industrial applications in such fields as biofuel production, food, paper, cosmetic, pharmaceutical industries and textile manufacture. A novel approach to cellulose hydrolysis using a consortium of motile bacteria moving on …

Mechanism of an Enzyme for Biofuel Production
August 3, 2015 – 2:18 pm | No Comment

(U-Tokyo Research) Missing link in microbial cellulose decomposition — A University of Tokyo research group has revealed for the first time the three-dimensional structure and mechanism of action of a key enzyme of bio-fuel production, cellobionic acid …

Promising Projects: A Report from BIO’s World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology 2015
July 31, 2015 – 10:42 am | No Comment

by Stefaniya Becking* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  If one is looking for an international gathering of leaders in industrial biotechnology to expand their professional network and form new partnerships, the World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology is …

Unlocking Lignin for Sustainable Biofuel
July 8, 2015 – 2:05 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  Lignin–hemicellulose simulation demonstrates potential for predictive modeling using NAMD  —  Turning trees, grass, and other biomass into fuel for automobiles and airplanes is a costly and complex process. Biofuel researchers are …

Taurus Energy and Partners in Tough Competition Awarded EU Financing for 2nd Generation Ethanol Project
May 11, 2015 – 11:38 am | No Comment

(Taurus Energy)  The EU-Commission has awarded 20 million EURO in financing for the development of a strategically important 2nd generation ethanol demo plant in France. The award is shared with French production companies CIMV (group …

Metabolic Path to Improved Biofuel Production
March 5, 2015 – 4:55 pm | No Comment

(EurekAlert!/US Department of Energy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), a partnership that includes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California (UC) Berkeley, have found …

Novel Pretreatment Could Cut Biofuel Costs by 30 Percent or More
February 27, 2015 – 1:07 pm | No Comment

(Science Daily/University of California-Riverside)  Researchers have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed to breakdown …

New Conversion Process Turns Biomass ‘Waste’ into Lucrative Chemical Products
December 30, 2014 – 5:57 pm | No Comment

(Purdue News)  A new catalytic process is able to convert what was once considered biomass waste into lucrative chemical products that can be used in fragrances, flavorings or to create high-octane fuel for racecars and …

Applied CleanTech Transforms Wastewater Into Raw Materials and Generates Revenue For Major Waterboard In The Netherlands
December 15, 2014 – 6:02 pm | No Comment

(PR NewsWire/Applied CleanTech) Applied CleanTech (ACT) (www.appliedcleantech.com) had run a successful trial of its Sewage Recycling System (SRS) with the Dutch Waterschap Aa en Maas (WSAM), who just released its exciting report about the great commercial …

First Ionic Liquid Made from Plant Waste
August 28, 2014 – 3:28 pm | No Comment

by James Urquhart (Chemistry World)  Ionic liquids – salts that are liquid at room temperature – could potentially be made more cheaply and greenly by recycling by-products from biofuel production processes, according to US researchers. These …

$15 Million Available for Advanced Biofuels Payment Program
August 28, 2014 – 2:25 pm | No Comment

by Anna Austin (Biomass Magazine) The USDA recently issued a notice of contract proposals for its Advanced Biofuel Payment Program, which provides payments to producers to support and expand production of advanced biofuels.
According to the NOCP, …

Not Just Koala Chow: Genetic Secrets of Eucalyptus Tree Revealed
August 6, 2014 – 12:21 pm | No Comment

by Will Dunham (Reuters) Eucalyptus leaves are the main food supply for Australia’s koalas, but there is a lot more to the tree than that.

An international team of researchers this week unveiled the genetic blueprint of …

Enhancing Biofuel Yields from Biomass with Novel New Method
August 5, 2014 – 1:19 pm | No Comment

by Sean Nealon (UCR Today)  A team of researchers, led by Professor Charles E. Wyman, at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic, and efficient way to …

Biofuel Advancement Threatened: How Can We Save the Renewable Fuel Standard?
July 9, 2014 – 11:27 am | No Comment

by Jan Koninckx (DuPont Industrial Biosciences/Renewable Energy World)    Advanced biofuels are no longer a futuristic hope — they are here. This year, three companies including DuPont will turn on commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol biorefineries, the result …

Supercomputer Exposes Biofuel Enzyme’s Secrets
February 27, 2014 – 11:15 am | No Comment

by Heather Lammers (National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Renewable Energy World Magazine) Thanks to newer and faster supercomputers, today’s computer simulations are opening hidden vistas to researchers in all areas of science. These powerful machines are used for everything …

Solar-Induced Hybrid Fuel Cell Produces Electricity Directly from Biomass
February 24, 2014 – 3:35 pm | No Comment

(Georgia Institute of Technology)  Although low temperature fuel cells powered by methanol or hydrogen have been well studied, existing low temperature fuel cell technologies cannot directly use biomass as a fuel because of the lack …

Extreme Energy, Supercritical Water, Nanostuff and Biofuels
November 6, 2013 – 10:57 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  At the frontier of exotic temperature and pressures, even everyday materials like water begin to act strangely in ways that can drive energy transformation.   New work in nanocatalysts may make …

Wood Completely Broken Down into Its Component Parts
October 28, 2013 – 4:56 pm | No Comment

(Fraunhofer)  Crude oil is getting scarce. This is why researchers are seeking to substitute petroleum-based products – like plastics – with sustainable raw materials. Waste wood, divided into lignin and cellulose, could serve as a …

Demystifying Cellulose
October 16, 2013 – 6:37 pm | No Comment

by Scott Mowrey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A primer outlines the inherent challenges for biofuel production using biomass
Raw cellulose from plant biomass is composed of six classes of materials with varying percentages and widely different physical …

Official Inauguration of Borregaard’s Biorefinery Demonstration Plant
May 7, 2013 – 5:15 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Norway, Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjørn Johnsen officially inaugurated the Borregaard biorefinery demonstration plant in Sarpsborg, which will produce green chemicals and sugars based on biomass from wood and agricultural …

Biofuels: Good, But How Good?
March 6, 2013 – 2:19 pm | No Comment

by Thomas W. Kerlin (ISA Interchange)  …Plants convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar via photosynthesis using energy from the sun. The sugar undergoes further transformations within the plant. Carbohydrates, compounds composed entirely of carbon, …

Insects’ Gut Microbes Hint at Biofuel Breakthrough
January 29, 2013 – 6:01 pm | No Comment

by Li Jiao (SciDev.net)  Deep inside insects’ guts may lie the key to one of the biofuel industry’s great challenges: how to cost-effectively turn tough plant waste into profit-making fuel.
About 50 million tonnes of lignin …

Chlamydomonas Shown to Break Down Cellulose
January 3, 2013 – 5:44 pm | No Comment

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Douglas Main reports on OurAmazingPlanet that researchers at Germany’s University of Bielefeld have discovered that when the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiis deprived of carbon dioxide, it can cannibalize other plants’ materials. According to the …

Researchers Work to Unlock Secrets of Cellulose Production
December 26, 2012 – 2:30 pm | No Comment

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …University of Virginia researchers Jochen Zimmer, Jacob Morgan and Joanna Strumillo  wrote a paper entitled “Crystallographic snapshot of cellulose synthesis and membrane translocation.” It was published online in December …

Iowa State, Ames Lab Chemists Aid Study of Mutated Plants that May Be Better for Biofuels
February 29, 2012 – 11:05 am | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Iowa State University)   Genetic mutations to cellulose in plants could improve the conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels, according to a research team that included two Iowa State University chemists.
The team recently published its …

Plant toughness: Key to Cracking Biofuels?
February 23, 2012 – 6:07 pm | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Stanford University)  Along with photosynthesis, the plant cell wall is one of the features that most set plants apart from animals. A structural molecule called cellulose is necessary for the manufacture of these walls. Cellulose …

‘Mini-Cellulose’ Molecule Unlocks Biofuel Chemistry
February 20, 2012 – 1:39 pm | No Comment

(Science Daily)  A team of chemical engineers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has discovered a small molecule that behaves the same as cellulose when it is converted to biofuel. Studying this ‘mini-cellulose’ molecule reveals …

County Offers Incentives to Lure Chemtex
July 12, 2011 – 5:22 pm | No Comment

by Chris Berendt  (The Sampson Independent)  A $160 million ethanol biofuels plant would bring 65 new jobs and an opportunity for Sampson County to position itself on the forefront of alternative energy technology as the site …

UMass Amherst Biologist Will Improve Ethanol Yields from Energy Crops with Energy Department Grant
June 13, 2011 – 5:21 pm | No Comment

(University of Massachusetts Amherst) Detecting the genetic mechanism for how certain strains of the energy crop model systemBrachypodium can produce more ethanol than others is the aim of a new five-year, $750,000 Early Career Research …

Süd-Chemie to Build Germany´s Largest Plant for the Biotechnological Production of Biofuels from Straw
July 27, 2010 – 5:02 pm | No Comment

(Süd-Chemie AG)  Süd-Chemie AG, one of the world´s leading specialty chemical companies for catalysts and adsorbents based in Munich is to build Germany´s largest plant to date for the production of climate-friendly, second-generation bioethanol, so-called cellulose …

Using Biofuel Tax Credits to Achieve Energy and Environmental Policy Goals
July 19, 2010 – 2:01 pm | No Comment

(Congressional Budget Office)   The federal government supports the use of biofuels—transportation fuel produced usually from renewable plant matter, such as corn—in the pursuit of national energy, environmental, and agricultural policy goals. Tax credits encourage the …