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Feedstock R&D

Algae Seashore Mallow Cuphea Switchgrass     Watermelon     Hemp         Citrus Waste    Orange Peels     Halophytes Barley      Alfalfa      Sorghum       Australian Beauty Leaf Tree       Mustard       Miscanthus       Sugar Beets        Food Processing Leftovers       Castor        Corn Cobs Corn Stover       Jatropha Salicornia          Sunflower         High Rusic Rapeseed     Newspapers       Tilapia Waste      Camelina             Agricultural Residues           Flax            Poplar/Aspen/Cottonwood        Municipal Solid Waste           Spartina Linoleic and Oleic Safflower               Coffee Grounds      Euglena    cyanobacteria     Tea Leaves     Crambe    Chuff     Galega     Chufa Sedge       cyprus esculentus       Tobacco     pongamia pinnata     Cup Plant Jojoba (Simmondsia chinesis)       Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.)          Kenaf           Karanja (Pongamia pinnate)            Kokum (Garcinia induce)         Moringa oleifera          Mahua (Madhuca induce)             Neem (Azadirachta induce)                       Ricinus communes (castor bean oil)                  Simarouba (Simarouba glauca)             Tumba (Citrulls colocynthis)     Olive Pits       Kudzu      Demolition Debris      Horse Manure     Sawdust      Seaweed     Pennycress   Stinkweed     Duckweed    Date Palm          Whiskey By-Products       Pungam        Illuppai       Neem       Simarouba        Cashew Apples           Sardine Oil          Jackfruit       Udon Noodles            Agave       Water Hyacinth        Coconut       Sesame      Peanut      Flax      Napier Grass     Kukui Nut      Pinion           Tangerine Residue        Catfish Oil        Other Waste Fish Oil                                 Simarouba                 Mahus     Calophyllum     Colocyn    Yellowhorn Tree       Tamarix       Triticale

And who knows what else?

How about:

Babassu, beef tallow, borage, camelina, canola, castor, choice white grease, coconut, coffee, distiller’s corn, Cuphea viscosissima, evening primrose, fish, hemp, high IV and low IV hepar, jatropha, jojoba, karanja, Lesquerella fendleri, linseed, Moringa oleifera, mustard, neem, palm, perilla seed, poultry fat, rice bran, soybean, stillingia, sunflower, tung, used cooking oil, yellow grease, jojoba and karanja--all studied as biodiesel feedstocks.

To find out more about these feedstocks and others--and about how feedstocks are used to make advanced biofuels, how the research is progressing, and what challenges face us, click on the Feedstock or R&D Feedstock categories along the right margin of each page.

OR, search by the name of the feedstock that interests you.

OR, take a look at the Handbook of Energy Crops on Purdue University's newCROPS web site:

"During the last decade, biomass advocates have suggested numerous plant species as sources of firewood, vegetable seed oil, fermentation substrates, and whole-plant hydrocarbons. However, the rationale for selecting one species over another is, with few exceptions, sketchy, ambiguous, or unavailable. James A. Duke in the "Handbook of Energy Crops" has brought together in one source information common to about 200 species most frequently proposed for energy production. The Handbook provides discussion and presentation of available information such as: nomenclature, uses, folk medicine, chemical composition, botanical description, germplasm, distribution, ecology, cultivation, harvesting, yields and economics, energy, biotic factors, and key references. The technologist, attempting to identify plant species that merit further attention or show promise for satisfying specific fuels, chemicals, and materials needs, should find this an invaluable reference source."

The Iowa Energy Center

The Iowa Energy Center sponsors research about various feedstocks and meets its goals through in-house energy research and education programs and by sponsoring energy projects developed by other eligible grantees. The Energy Center awards grants to Iowa-based, nonprofit groups to conduct energy-related research, demonstration and education projects. These projects, which range in size and complexity, are conducted throughout the state by Iowa-based, nonprofit groups such as Iowa's three major universities, several community colleges and at nonprofit energy organizations and community-based educational groups. Grants are awarded on a competitive basis through periodic Requests for Proposals (RFPs). The Iowa Energy Center receives its funding from an annual assessment on the gross intrastate revenues of all gas and electric utilities in Iowa. Iowa Energy Center lists here supported projects currently conducted at the Biomass Energy Conversion (BECON) Facility.